Identifikasi Dinamika Spiritual Santri yang Mengalami Trans Disosiatif di Pondok Pesantren Annuqayah Guluk-Guluk Sumenep

  • Ulfatul Maghfiroh

Abstract

This research is motivated by the researcher's observations on the daily behavior of students who experienced Dissociative Trance Disorder (DTD) in Annuqayah Lubangsa Putri Islamic Boarding School by focusing on their psychic and spiritual aspects. This study aims to reveal two things: first, what are the symptoms and factors that cause dissociative trance experienced by students of Annuqayah Lubangsa Putri Islamic Boarding School, and second, how is the spiritual dynamics of students of Annuqayah Lubangsa Putri who experienced dissociative trance. This study used a qualitative method with a case study approach. To see the spiritual dynamics of the students, Robert Frager's theory was used, namely the development of the nafs, and Sigmund Freud's theory of personality structure to determine the psychological state of the subject. The results of this study indicated several conclusions that dissociative trance does not occur suddenly and not only have a mystical case but is also motivated by internal and external factors. The internal factors of the three subjects are relatively the same. namely stress (conflict or trauma), uncontrollable emotions and physical exhaustion. While the external factors in subjects II and III have in common, namely the presence of interference from immaterial beings, family problems and inappropriate parenting. While the subject I is caused by the conditions of the social environment. Symptoms that appear in the three subjects were initiated by the screams of the one who is in trance, starts to throw tantrums, tends to hurt herself and identifies herself with other people, animals or objects. And after experiencing it, the subject experienced physical exhaustion, the body felt sick, weak and powerless. The spiritual dynamics of the subject can be seen from the development of the nafs. It starts from pre-disorder living adjustments to the disorder seemingly to be a congenital disease. The subject's spirituality starts from the lowest nafs until the subject is able to feel spiritual pleasure and can even feel satisfaction and gratitude for what God has outlined

References

Alwisol, A. (2019). Psikologi Kepribadian. UMM Press.
Anjaryani, A. M., & Rahardanto, M. S. (2016). DINAMIKA KESURUPAN PATOLOGIS: STUDI KASUS DI JAWA TENGAH. 4, 12.
Arif, F. (2007). Pengantar Penelitian dalam Pendidikan. Pustaka Pelajar.
Dianpangesti, A., Nurhidayat, S., & Isro’in, L. (2019). IDENTIFIKASI FAKTOR-FAKTOR DISSOCIATIVE TRANCE DISORDER (KESURUPAN) PADA MAHASISWI FAKULTAS ILMU KESEHATAN Di RUSUNAWA Pondok Al-Manar Universitas Muhammadiyah Ponorogo. Health Sciences Journal, 3(1), 101. https://doi.org/10.24269/hsj.v3i1.224
Frager, R. (t.t.). Psikologi Sufi: Untuk Transformasi Hati, Jiwa, dan Ruh. Zaman.
Hurlock, E. B. (t.t.). Psikologi Perkembangan (kelima). Erlangga.
Irkani, S. (2019). Fenomena Kesurupan Dalam Persepsi Psikolog Dan Peruqyah. Jurnal Studia Insania, 6(2), 108–120.
Maramis, W. F. (2009). Catatan Ilmu Kedokteran Jiwa. Airlangga University.
Maslim, R. (2013). Diagnosis Gangguan Jiwa PPDGJ III.
Moleong, L. (2009). Metodologi Penelitian Kualitatif. Remaja Rosdakarya.
Nevid, J. S., Spencer A Rathus, & Baverly Greene. (2014). Psikologi Abnormal Jilid 1 (Kesembilan). Erlangga.
Pramitya, A. A. I. M., Widianti, A., & Astaningtyas, N. M. I. N. (2019). Gambaran Emosi Pada Kasus Remaja Awal Yang Mengalami Trans Disosiatif (Kesurupan): Studi Kasus Di SMP SL Bali. JURNAL PSIKOLOGI MANDALA, 2(1), Article 1. https://jurnal.undhirabali.ac.id/index.php/mandala/article/view/672
Siswanto, S. (2015). Psikologi Kesehatan Mental: Awas Kesurupan! Andi.
Sundari, S. (2015). Kesehatan Mental dalam Kehidupan. Rineka Cipta.
Tambusai, M. B. (2002). Buku Pintar Jin, Sihir dan Ruqyah Syar’iyah. Pustaka Al-Kaustar.
Thalbah, H. (2013). Ensiklopedia Mukjizat Alquran dan Hadist: Kemukjizatan Psikoterapi Islam 4. Sapta Books.
Published
2022-09-12
How to Cite
MAGHFIROH, Ulfatul. Identifikasi Dinamika Spiritual Santri yang Mengalami Trans Disosiatif di Pondok Pesantren Annuqayah Guluk-Guluk Sumenep. Living Sufism: Journal of Sufism and Psychotherapy, [S.l.], v. 1, n. 1, p. 1-20, sep. 2022. Available at: <https://jurnal.instika.ac.id/index.php/ls/article/view/249>. Date accessed: 01 oct. 2022.
Section
Articles