Author Guidelines


  • be submitted in Microsoft® Word.
  • be typewritten in English or Indonesia
  • be written in objective third-person point of view throughout (Use "the authors" or "the researchers" NOT "I" or "we")

Article length/word count

Articles should be between 4000 and 6000 words in length. This includes all text, for example, the structured abstract, references, all text in tables, and figures and appendices. Please allow 280 words for each figure or table.

Article title

Please provide a title of 15 to 20 words that should be concise and informative.

Author details

The names of all contributing authors should be added to the OJS (Open Journal Systems) submission; please list them in the order in which you would like them to be published. Each contributing author will need their own OJS (Open Journal Systems) author account, from which we will extract the following details:

  • Author email address (institutional preferred).
  • Author name. We will reproduce it exactly, so any middle names and initials they want to be featured must be included.
  • Author affiliation. This should be where they were based when the research for the paper was conducted.

In multi-authored papers, ALL authors that have made a significant contribution to the paper must be listed. Those who have provided support but have not contributed to the research should be featured in an acknowledgments section. You should never include people who have not contributed to the paper or do not want to be associated with the research.

Research funding

The funding agency should be written out in full and include the grant number, which can be included in brackets. The funding agency needs to be listing in the “Organization Name.” If there is only one funding agency: This research was supported by the Organization Name [grant number xxxxxx]. If there are multiple agencies or grant numbers, then it should be formatted as such: This research was supported by the Organization Name [grant numbers xxxxxx]; the Organization Name [grant number xxxxxx]; and the Organization Name [grant number xxxxxx]. If there is no funding information, they should state: This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors. If an organization providing support that was not monetary (maybe they provided facilities, survey samples, etc.), please mention that that organization supported the research.

Structured abstract

All submissions must include a structured abstract, following the format outlined below. These four sub-headings and their accompanying explanations must always be included:

  • Purpose
  • Design/methodology/approach
  • Findings
  • Research limitations/implications
  • Practical implications
  • Originality


Your submission should include up to 12 appropriate and short keywords that capture the paper's main topics.

Article classification

You will be asked to select a type for your paper; the options are listed below. If you do not see an exact match, please choose the best fit:

  • Original Article

You will also be asked to select a category for your paper. The options for this are listed below. If you do not see an exact match, please choose the best fit:

Research paper. Reports on any type of research undertaken by the author(s), including:

  • The construction or testing of a model or framework
  • Action research
  • Testing of data, market research, or surveys
  • Empirical, scientific, or clinical research
  • Papers with a practical focus

Viewpoint. It covers any paper where content is dependent on the author's opinion and interpretation. This includes journalistic and magazine-style pieces.

Technical paper. Describes and evaluates technical products, processes, or services.

Conceptual paper. It focuses on developing hypotheses and is usually discursive. Covers philosophical discussions and comparative studies of other authors’ work and thinking.

Case study. Describes actual interventions or experiences within organizations. It can be subjective and does not generally report on research. It also covers a description of a legal case or a hypothetical case study used as a teaching exercise.

Literature review. This category should only be used for the paper's primary purpose of annotating and critiquing the literature in a particular field. It could be a selective bibliography providing advice on information sources, or the paper may aim to cover the main contributors to the development of a topic and explore their different views.

General review. Provides an overview or historical examination of some concept, technique, or phenomenon. Papers are likely to be more descriptive or instructional (‘how to’ papers) than discursive.


Headings must be concise, with a clear indication of the required hierarchy. The preferred format is for first-level headings in bold and subsequent sub-headings in medium italics.


All figures (charts, diagrams, line drawings, webpages/screenshots, and photographic images) should be submitted electronically. Both color and black and white files are accepted.
There are a few other important points to note:

  • All figures should be supplied at the highest resolution/quality possible with numbers and text legible.
  • Acceptable formats are .ai, .eps, .jpeg, .bmp, and .tif.
  • Electronic figures created in other applications should be supplied in their original formats and either copied and pasted into a blank MS Word document or submitted as a PDF file.
  • All figures should be numbered consecutively with Arabic numerals and have clear captions.
  • All photographs should be numbered as Plate 1, 2, 3, etc., and have clear captions.


Tables should be typed and submitted in a separate file to the main body of the article. The position of each table should be labeled in the main body of the article, with corresponding labels clearly shown in the table file. Tables should be numbered consecutively (e.g., 1, 2, 3, etc.). Give each table a brief title. Ensure that any superscripts or asterisks are shown next to the relevant items and have explanations displayed as footnotes to the table, figure, or plate.


References should relate only to the material you cited within your article (this is not a bibliography). References should be in APA Style 7th Edition and listed in alphabetical order. Please do not include any abbreviations. Any additional references should be included in an Additional Reading section.

**Please note that all manuscripts MUST be submitted through online submission manager. Manuscripts submitted outside of the system will not be considered for publication.**